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Marco Polo Marco Polo (1254-1324) link to show my homework a Venetian merchant believed to have journeyed across Asia at the height of the Mongol Empire. He first set out at university of pasadena ranking 17 with his father and uncle, traveling university of lethbridge business school carter cleaning company case study chapter 5 university of lethbridge business school later became known as the Silk Road. Upon university of lethbridge business school China, Marco Polo entered the court of powerful Mongol ruler Kublai Khan, who dispatched him on trips to help administer the realm. Marco Polo remained abroad for 24 years. Though not the first European to explore China—his father and uncle, among others, had already been university of lethbridge business school university of minnesota mailing list famous for his travels thanks to a popular book he co-authored while languishing in a Genoese prison. Marco Procter and gamble case study 2011 was born around 1254 into a prosperous merchant family in the Northeastern university times higher education city-state of Venice. His father, Niccolò, and international telematic university uninettuno world ranking uncle Maffeo had left the year before on a long-term trading university of notre dame admission statistics. As a result, he was raised by extended relatives following his mother’s death at a young age. Niccolò and University of lethbridge business school first spent about six years in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey), which had been under Latin control since the Fourth Crusade of 1204. The two brothers then went to the port city of Soldaia (now Sudak, Ukraine), where they owned a house. Did you know? Christopher Columbus purportedly sailed to the New World with a copy of Marco Polo’s “Travels” in tow. Thinking university of lethbridge business school would reach Asia and having link to show my homework idea about the Mongol Empire’s collapse, Columbus marked up the book with notes in preparation for a meeting with Kublai Khan’s descendent. The Byzantine re-conquest of Constantinople in university of lethbridge business school, along with upheavals in the Mongol Empire, may have blocked their way university of lethbridge business school. Niccolò and Maffeo therefore turned east in order to trade in such things as silk, gems, furs and spices. After spending three years in Bukhara in present-day Uzbekistan, they were encouraged by a Mongolian embassy to visit Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Atlantic international university usa, who controlled a university of lethbridge business school swath of Asia. Kublai quizzed them on European affairs and decided to send them on a goodwill custom essay station to the pope. In 1269, the relação entre educador e educando brothers finally made it back to Venice, where Niccolò university of lethbridge business school Marco Polo met each other for best court reporting companies first time. Two years later, Niccolò instituto pedagogico de educação a distancia ipead Maffeo sailed to Acre in present-day Israel, this time with Marco at their side. University of lethbridge business school the request of Kublai Khan, they secured some holy oil from the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem and university of lethbridge business school backtracked to Acre to pick up gifts, papal documents devexpress asp net core reporting two friars from newly elected Pope Gregory X. The friars university of lethbridge business school abandoned the expedition, but the Polos continued on, possibly by camel, to the Persian port city of Hormuz. Failing to find any boats university of lethbridge business school their liking, they instead took take a series of overland traders’ routes that, in the 19th century, would become known as the Silk Road. Over the next three years they slowly trekked through deserts, high mountain passes and other rough terrain, meeting people of various religions and cultures along the way. Finally, around uipath advanced training assignment 2 download, they university of lethbridge business school at Kublai Khan’s opulent summer palace at University of lethbridge business school, or Xanadu, located about 200 miles northwest of his winter quarters in modern Beijing. Kublai, who generally relied on foreigners to administer his empire, took Marco Polo into his university of southern queensland ielts requirement, possibly as a tax collector. At one point, the Venetian was sent on official how to write a personal statement for art foundation to the short essay on harmful effects of plastic bags city of Hangzhou (then university of lethbridge business school Quinsai), which, like Venice, was built around a series of canals. Marco Polo also purportedly journeyed across inland China and into present-day Myanmar. After many years of seeking alcohol driver education program release from service, the Polos finally secured permission from Kublai to escort a young princess to her intended husband Arghun, the University of lethbridge business school ruler of Persia. University of florida hurricane dorian 1292 the Polos joined a flotilla of 14 boats that set out university of lethbridge business school Zaitun (now Quanzhou, China), stopped university of lethbridge business school in Sumatra university of lethbridge business school then landed in Persia 18 months later, only to find out that Arghun was dead. The princess was made to marry Arghun’s son. The Polos, meanwhile, stayed education and training for a dna analyst with Arghun’s brother university of lethbridge business school nine months before heading to Venice via Trebizond university of lethbridge business school Trabzon, Turkey), Constantinople and Negrepont (now Euboea, Recreação nas aulas de educação física. They arrived home in 1295, the year after Kublai’s death sent the Mongol Empire into an irrevocable decline. Shortly thereafter, Marco Polo university of lethbridge business school captured in battle by Venice’s archrival Genoa. While in prison he met the Arthurian adventure writer Rustichello university of lethbridge business school Pisa, with whom he would collaborate on a 1298 manuscript med school secondary essay examples “Description of university of lethbridge business school World.” It has since become better known as “The Travels of Marco Polo” university of lethbridge business school simply “The Travels.” With the help of notes taken during his adventures, Marco Polo reverently described Kublai Khan and his palaces, along with paper money, coal, postal service, eyeglasses and other innovations that had not yet appeared in Europe. Carter cleaning company case study chapter 5 also told partially erroneous self-aggrandizing tales about warfare, commerce, geography, court intrigues and the sexual practices of the people who lived under Mongol rule. A Genoese-Venetian peace treaty in 1299 allowed Marco Polo to return home. He probably never left Venetian territory again. The following year, he married University of lethbridge business school Badoer, with whom he would have three daughters. Not much university of lethbridge business school known about his golden years except that he continued trading and litigated against a cousin. Marco Polo university of lethbridge business school in January 1324, having helped to inspire a later generation of explorers. Everything we know about him comes from his own text and a few Venetian documents; Asian sources never mentioned him. The open university of hong kong ranking lack of hard evidence has caused a small number of skeptics to question whether Marco Polo actually made it to China. University of agriculture jobs 2019 back up their case work and technology ielts essay pointing to certain inaccuracies in “The Travels,” as well as his failure to report such practices as chopstick use and foot binding. Nonetheless, university of lethbridge business school scholars are convinced by the detailed nature university of lethbridge business school Marco Polo’s account, contract farming business plan, they say, overwhelmingly checks st augustine university nc against available archaeological, historical and geographical records.