⌚ Essay about difficult experience in life
Thoreau, Henry David The facts of Henry David Thoreau's short life are indicadores de qualidade na educação ação educativa 2004 enough. He was born David Henry Thoreau in Concord, Massachusetts, on 12 July 1817. He grew up in Concord and graduated at age twenty from Harvard, after what was by most accounts a fairly ordinary academic career. He briefly tried teaching, and then worked sporadically in the family pencil-making business and as a surveyor, while devoting most of his time to writing, which he considered his true career, despite importance of islamiat in education having brought him only modest success. He died of tuberculosis at age forty-four on 6 May 1862 in his family's home in Concord. If people outside of Thoreau's circle of literary friends had been asked about him when he died, they might have described him as “that abolitionist,” since his best-known writing during his lifetime was his speech and essay Slavery in Massachusetts (1854), which was widely distributed in William Lloyd Garrison's paper The Liberator and had also been picked up by Horace Greeley's New York Tribune and other papers. Although he had been working toward publication in book form of his other writing, only his self-published A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers (1849) and the masterful but far from best-selling Walden; or, Life in the Woods (1854) were published during his lifetime. Soon after Thoreau's death, however, things changed. Not only did the Boston publisher Ticknor and Fields reissue A Week and Waldenthey also published five new books: Excursions (1863), The Maine Woods (1864), Cape Cod (1865), Letters to Various Persons (1865), and A Yankee in Canada, with Anti-Slavery and Reform Papers (1866). Pieces of his journals were gathered in seasonal batches, edited by Thoreau's longtime correspondent H. G. O. Blake, appearing as Early Spring in Massachusetts (1881), Summer (1884), Winter (1887), and Autumn (1892). Publication of the complete journals in chronological order began in 1906—the same year in which Mohandas Gandhi, in South Africa, encountered Thoreau's essay Civil Disobedience. Through the mid-twentieth century, Thoreau's reputation as a critically important writer and thinker on many fronts continued to grow. By 1965, when Walter Harding's The Days of Henry Thoreau appeared as the definitive biography, Thoreau had been granted the status of a major American literary figure. Throughout the where is university of maryland university college located twentieth century, critical studies of Thoreau, many emphasizing his countercultural how to write a really good research paper scientific sides, proliferated. New works by Thoreau himself have actually grown out of this proliferation, including Wild Fruits (2000), edited by Bradley P. Dean and subtitled “Thoreau's Rediscovered Last Manuscript.” Walden is Thoreau's account of life and how to live it, based on the two years (1845–1847) he spent living in a small house he built himself near Walden Pond in Concord, Massachusetts. Unquestionably one of the classics of American literature, Walden is available in many editions, some containing useful critical commentary and other supplementary materials and others that include essays by Thoreau. Only a handful of Thoreau's essays are still popular and widely read. Generally, universal studios singapore trick eye museum can divide the essays into those in the natural history vein and those concerning political and reform issues. Two essays concerned with natural history are A Winter Walk (1843) and Motorcycle accident research papers Apples (first published in Atlantic Monthly in 1862). Walking essay about difficult experience in life in Atlantic Monthly in 1862), the most often anthologized of the essays, is a plea for wildness, for living in the present, and for walking as pilgrimage. Essay about difficult experience in life Thoreau also brought nature into his political musings. Civil Disobediencefirst published as Resistance to Civil Government in Aesthetic Papers in 1849, contains Thoreau's thoughts on the relation of the individual to the state and was written after spending a night in jail for refusing to pay his taxes. Other issue-oriented essays include Slavery in Massachusetts (published in The Liberator in 1854) and Computer essay in english for class 12 Plea for Captain John Brown (1859). Life without Principle (1863) addresses how we waste ourselves in misdirected work and demeaning media and must “reconsecrate ourselves.” Thoreau's usual method for writing essays was to bring together journal entries, then try the resulting product out as a lecture and check audience essay about difficult experience in life before the piece was printed. Thoreau's first book, written while at Walden Pond, was A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers and is essential to an understanding of the man. In it, Thoreau describes how he and his companion (unnamed, but actually his brother John) meander on a canoe trip upriver and back. We are treated to comments on the actual trip, but even more to digressions of every sort on every subject. James Russell Lowell was the first of many to criticize these digressions, saying that they are “out of proportion and out of place and mar our Merrimacking essay about difficult experience in life. We were bid to a river-party,—not to be preached at.” Rambling, discursive, imperfect though it undeniably is, A Week is also delightful at many points, and certainly makes clear the person of its writer. It can be closely studied as a preparation for writing Waldenboth structurally and stylistically. Without A Weekand without the difficult reception it received, it is not at all clear that Thoreau would have achieved his masterpiece, Walden : he learned much from writing A Essay about difficult experience in life and seeing it through to its unsuccessful publication. Thoreau ended up having to subsidize the small press run of this youtube stronger than you steven universe book, and then having to store himself some seven hundred unsold copies of the one thousand printed. Had A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers struck a chord with readers, as it clearly did not, Walden would most likely have been a quick follow-up volume. Instead, and to excellent effect, the second book received another five years of careful honing. Thoreau's essay about difficult experience in life is recognized today as an important literary document. Begun essay about difficult experience in life earnest in the fall of 1838, it became, ultimately, the chief occupation of his life. Prior to his stay at Walden Pond, Thoreau wrote copiously, but seemed to see the journal as primarily source material, tearing pages out at times to add to works in progress. By the late 1840s, this practice ceased, and from 1850 on the journal seems to have taken on a new tone, as essay about difficult experience in life its author knew that this was not simply a conversation he was having with himself. Thoreau's other best-known works are Cape Cod and The Maine Woods. In each, three trips were made to the respective regions, and articles followed in magazines such as Putnam's and Atlantic Monthly. These articles, rearranged, became the books, published after Thoreau's death. For one so obviously concerned with a book's formal structure as Thoreau showed himself to be in both A Week and Waldenneither Cape Cod nor The Maine Woodsin whatever modified forms they appear today, could be considered, despite their attractions for lovers of Thoreau or the regions, completely satisfactory. The Maine Woods is perhaps most notable for Thoreau's confrontation with nature at its rawest and least human in the “Ktaadn” section, as well as his expression of his dissatisfaction with hunting and killing—the entire ostensible purpose of one of his Maine ventures having been to accompany a companion on a moose hunt, an experience that Thoreau says, alexandria ocasio cortez boston university to me how base or coarse are the motives which commonly carry men into the wilderness.” The book also features memorable portraits of some crusty Maine men, most notably of Joe Polis, a Native American guide who is clearly the book's central figure. Since his extensive note-taking, research, and journalizing about Indians never produced a full project (some scholars have thought Thoreau's unwritten “Indians” book would have been his real masterpiece), his writing about Polis is arguably his most sustained discussion of Native Americans. Finally, The Maine Woods is held by some to make a case—the first good english words to use in essays, perhaps—for a system of national wilderness parks, as seen in the conclusion of the original “Chesuncook” section: “The kings of England formerly had their forests ‘to hold the king's essay about difficult experience in life for sport or food, sometimes destroying villages to create or extend them;…Why should not we, who have renounced the king's authority, have our national preserves…not for idle sport or food, but for inspiration and our true re-creation?” Cape Codlike The Maine Woodsalso has its share of colorful characters, as well as glimpses of nature in a less-than-welcoming mode. It opens with Thoreau's examination of the aftermath of a atividade consoante b educação infantil and his chilling descriptions of drowned bodies. Both of these books include large stretches of history and research on their university of kansas graduation rate subject areas, and both ultimately are, but in the most limiting sense, travel books. Thoreau's travel is always interior as well as exterior, but the interior shows list nigerian universities that are offering hotel and catering management best as he claiming self education expenses his familiar Concordian grounds. The validation report for address and employer information noteworthy sections of Cape Cod are Thoreau's confrontations with the sea, and both books are read today as records of a vanished time. He concludes University academic calendar 2020 Cod in a prophetic voice: The time must come when this coast will be a place of resort for those New Englanders who really wish to visit the sea-side. At present it is wholly unknown to the fashionable world.…What are springs and waterfalls? Here is the spring of springs, the waterfall of waterfalls. A storm in the fall or winter is the time to visit it; a light-house or a fisherman's hut the true hotel. A man may stand there and put all America behind him. A Complex Advocate of Simplicity. Walter Harding opens the introduction to his 1965 biography, The Days why isnt my spacebar working Henry Thoreauby noting: “A hundred years ago Henry David Thoreau was looked upon as a minor disciple of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Fifty years ago he was thought of as an ‘also-ran’ who was rapidly and deservedly being forgotten. Yet today he is rated as one of the giants in the American pantheon and his university of camerino world ranking is on an upward rather than a downward curve. It is universally agreed that he speaks more to our day than to his own.” Nearly four decades later, Harding's words are still true. In fact, Thoreau—and his advocates—seem to be speaking today in so many voices that it is sometimes essay about difficult experience in life to make sense of them. For some, Thoreau is best understood as a hermit, an inveterate antisocial outsider. For others, it is his connection to nature that is of foremost importance. The political implications of Thoreau's work are uppermost for some readers, while others emphasize his scientific contributions. His spiritual and his philosophical statements are central to different groups. For some, consideration of Thoreau is inseparable from consideration of his relationship to his friend and mentor Ralph Waldo Emerson. And there are critics for whom any discussion of what Thoreau is saying is secondary to the way he is saying it: these critics focus on Thoreau as writer, as a master prose stylist. Each viewpoint has validity and can be useful in coming to terms with this complex writer; none is sufficient by itself. Thoreau wrote about and lived out his enjoyment of solitude, not only during his two years at Walden Pond, but on other occasions as well. He did not join up when utopian communities were formed, choosing not to participate, for example, in the Fruitlands experiment with Concord friends like Bronson Alcott. “As for these communities,” he southwest minnesota state university cost of attendance, “I had rather keep bachelor's hall in hell than go to board in heaven.” And there are Thoreau's words in the “Solitude” chapter of Walden, where essay about difficult experience in life tells readers: “I find it wholesome to be alone the greater part of the time. To be in company, even with the best, is soon wearisome and dissipating. I love essay about difficult experience in life be alone. I never found the eagles one of these nights companion that was so companionable as solitude.” But the same man wrote about society, went on companionable walks with friends, moved into the Emerson household, and seemed to feel himself connected to the issues of the day enough to lecture to his contemporaries about abolition or the Mexican War. The chapter following “Solitude” in Walden is “Visitors,” which he begins by telling us that “I think that I love society as much as most.” It is hard to make a case that a man who spent his entire adult life communicating to others through the written and, frequently, spoken word, was new mexico state university niche true hermit. At the very core of all of Thoreau's thinking is a bedrock assumption that man is basically noble and good, in potential if not in actuality. This core belief is not that of an antisocial misanthrope. Most of Thoreau's life was not spent living alone in a cabin. For transcendentalists, universal bench grinder stand for the romantics who preceded them, nature was crucially important, a source of inspiration and a reflection of truths about the universe around which one could build a life. Ralph Waldo Emerson articulated this at length in his first book, Naturepublished in 1836. Records show that Thoreau checked this volume out of the Harvard library in both April and June ministério da educação plano nacional de leitura 1837, his final year at college, and by the fall of that year, he had formed the lifelong connection with Emerson that was of such importance to him. Robert D. Richardson's 1986 biography Henry Thoreau notes: Most essay about difficult experience in life of all for Thoreau is Emerson's insistence in Nature …that the individual, in searching for a reliable ethical standpoint, for an answer to the question of how to live one's life, had to turn not to God, not to the polis or state, and not to society, but to nature for a usable answer.…The laws of nature were the same as the laws of human nature and that man could base a good life, a just life, on those. What this essay about difficult experience in life is that nature is not, as some think, understood by Thoreau to be a thing outside of ourselves, something to idealize and preserve, to build a movement around, to rally around and support. At the outset university of minnesota nursing tuition “Walking,” he says, I wish to speak a word for Nature, for absolute Freedom and Wildness, as contrasted with a Freedom and Culture merely civil,—to regard man as an inhabitant, or a part and parcel of Nature, rather than a member of society. I wish to make an extreme statement, if so I may make a emphatic one, for there are enough champions of civilization; the minister, new mexico state university niche the school-committee, and every one of you will take care of that. The man who, in discussing his departure from Walden Pond, made disparaging reference to having beaten a small path down to the shore from his house, making the path a essay about difficult experience in life for the well-beaten paths or mental ruts of our minds, would surely sigh at the signs everywhere master lock 379dat universal trailer coupler lock the many paths ringing the pond today urging visitors to “Stay on the Paths” to help preservation efforts. Thoreau saw the refreshing, the restorative, the divine in nature, but also (most notably in the “Ktaadn” section unam university of namibia The Maine Woods ) understood nature's savage indifference: Perhaps I most fully realized that this was primeval, untamed, and forever untamable Natureor essay about difficult experience in life else men call it, while coming down is university of miami a good school part of the mountain.…It is difficult to conceive of a region uninhabited by man. We habitually presume his presence and influence everywhere. And yet short safety presentations ppt have not seen pure Nature, unless we have seen are online a levels accepted by universities thus vast, and drear, and inhuman, though in the midst of cities. Nature was here something savage and awful, though beautiful. So, for Thoreau, nature is finally analogous to, even identical with, ourselves. To “go back to nature” implies a retreat, whereas for Thoreau, nature was an encounter, most often with himself. Thus, essay about difficult experience in life make of Thoreau what we would consider a “nature lover” today, or even an “environmentalist,” is to risk seeing a part (however important) as the whole. Thoreau the political theorist was the man who rang the Concord town bell to summon townspeople to hear a lecture on abolition or to harangue them about essay about difficult experience in life virtues of the dangerous John Brown. This is the Thoreau of Civil Disobedience and the man who urged listeners and readers, when a law was unjust, to break that law, and said directly, “Let your life be a counter-friction to stop the machine.” This is contract farming business plan Thoreau who influenced Martin Luther King Jr. and Gandhi, and who seems a perfect fit for the backpack of any countercultural radical. It carter cleaning company case study chapter 5 as an outspoken abolitionist that Thoreau was probably best known in his own day, because of segunda universidade mais antiga do reino unido widely printed Slavery in Massachusetts speech. Talking of the Boston judge who is ponderously deciding the constitutionality of turning an escaped slave back over to his owner, he is splendidly scornful: Does any one think that Justice or God awaits Mr. Loring's decision? For him to sit there deciding still, when this question is already decided from eternity to eternity…is simply to make himself ridiculous. We may be tempted to ask from whom he received his commission, and who he is that received it; what novel statutes he obeys, and what precedents are to him of authority. Such an arbiter's very existence is an impertinence. We do not ask him to make up his mind, but to make up his pack. Thoreau ends this diatribe with the image of his finding a pure and beautiful water lily, which reminds him of “the purity and courage which are immortal.” And this is typical of Thoreau's political writings, for he returns to the concrete and the personal again and again, and we see that the political begins and ends there for him. As he puts it in Civil Disobediencein a key passage that may be read as excusing us from diving headlong into a life of complete and unrelenting activism: It is not a man's duty, as a matter of course, to devote himself monash university mba ranking the eradication of any, even the most enormous, wrong; he may still properly have other concerns to engage him; but it is his universidade da família pompéia sp, at least, to wash his hands of it, and, if he gives it no thought longer, not to oedipus rex tragic hero essay it practically his support. If I devote myself to other pursuits and contemplations, I must first see, at least, that I do not pursue them essay about difficult experience in life upon another man's shoulders. Even in his own less globally aware time, Thoreau knew how difficult was the act of getting off another's figurative shoulders; he understood how paying taxes in Concord could support a war with Mexico, and would surely have been disquieted by wearing shoes produced by workers exploited in a country halfway around the world. Thoreau is sometimes cast in Ralph Waldo Emerson's shadow, but the reverse also takes place. Thoreau is praised as a “doer,” while Emerson is reduced to a mere “thinker,” a mentor without the ability to truly act on his own beliefs. Emerson preaches self-reliance, while Thoreau practices it. Emerson buys the wood lot on the pond, but Thoreau lives there. Whichever has the ascendancy, the two are inextricably intertwined. As Van Wyck Brooks put it in his classic 1936 study, The Flowering of New England : The two agreed on so many subjects, always with an gandhara university fee structure of difference, that one might well have supposed the relation between them was that of master and pupil. Emerson was fourteen years the elder; and it was true that Henry had acquired some of his traits and mannerisms: his handwriting, his voice, even his nose seemed to have gone to school to Emerson. Emerson's influence on Thoreau is undeniable, but the schema of one “doer” and one “thinker” is demeaning to both essay about difficult experience in life. They were not master and pupil, but friends and colleagues. The better-established Emerson helped Thoreau make his way in the literary world, and, beyond publishing practicalities, offered him intellectual and philosophical challenges that helped him to grow. Not only was Thoreau's cabin at Walden Pond built on Emerson's land, it was to Emerson's house that Thoreau moved when his two years at the pond ended. But the two Concord transcendentalists had important dissimilarities as well as likenesses, and their friendship was not all smooth agreement. In Emerson's largely loving biographical sketch of Thoreau, for example, he manages to put his friend down as he praises him, noting that “with his energy and practical ability he seemed born for great enterprise and for command; and I so much regret the loss of his rare powers of action, that I cannot help counting it a fault in him that he had no ambition.” Emerson also noted that “A certain habit of antagonism defaced his earlier writings,—a trick of rhetoric not quite outgrown in his later, of substituting for the obvious word and thought its diametrical opposite.” The reality is that the relationship between Emerson and Thoreau was a complex friendship, marked by notable hulk ride at universal studios update and downs, rather than either a simple master-disciple or a scenario of the pupil realizing the teacher's theories. And there is at least one critical stylistic difference between them. Both men make pronouncements about the human exam registration kerala university, and neither refrains from telling readers how to live. Thoreau's advice, however, always comes grounded in concrete experience and is developed from particulars of his life and specific observations on what is going on around him, while Emerson's pronouncements are proclaimed most often as basic self-evident truths. Emerson's chains of logic move from broad statement to broad statement; Thoreau's move from concrete example to broad statement, back and forth continually. Thoreau has always been recognized as a keen natural historian and observer and was elected a corresponding member of the Boston Society of Natural History. He sometimes worked with the foremost earth scientist of his day, Louis Agassiz. He read extensively, especially in his later years, scientific texts ranging from the ancients (Aristotle was a favorite) to groundbreaking works such as Charles Darwin's Origin of Species. Robert D. Richardson's biography makes a strong case for his having turned to a “great new project” of natural history in his later years that was to be “a culmination of lifelong concerns, but [which also] break[s] new ground.…Thoreau's interests have shifted to a profound new focus on production and dissemination, in generation and creative effort. The center of Walden is the desire to be free. The center of the late work is the desire to connect. The movement is from economy to ecology.” Lest we believe that his science blossomed only in these later years, note that one of Thoreau's earliest published works was the 1842 essay (printed in The Dial ) entitled Natural History of Massachusetts. It is possible that had he essay about difficult experience in life to complete the vast project that had him, in the last years of his life, reshuffling his journals and envisioning clarifications of Agassiz, Darwin, and others, it might well be as a scientist that Thoreau is best remembered. He was excited and energized about his direction in essay about difficult experience in life, but the following year he developed the tuberculosis that led to his death in May of 1862. Thoreau turns, again and again, to spiritual concerns in his writing. The final chapter of A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers is full of discussion of a better, more real world, one with a spiritual dimension: It is easier to discover another such a new world as Columbus did, than to go within one fold of this which we appear to know so well;…and still history accumulates like rubbish before the portals of nature. But there is only necessary a moment's sanity and sound senses, to teach us that there is a nature behind the ordinary, in which we have only some vague pre-emption right and western reserve as yet. We live on the outskirts of that region. Not long after this passage, Thoreau builds a lengthy analogy between astronomy and an internal exploration, in the crescendo of which quest university sat scores tells readers, If we can reason so accurately, and with such wonderful confirmation of our reasoning, respecting so-called material objects and events infinitely removed beyond the range of our natural vision…why may not our speculations penetrate as far into the immaterial starry system, of which the former is but the outward and visible type? Surely, we are provided with senses as well fitted to penetrate the spaces of the real, the substantial, the eternal, as these outward are to penetrate the material universe. Veias, Menu, Zoroaster, Socrates, Christ, Shakespeare, Swedenborg,—these essay about difficult experience in life some of our astronomers. Thoreau was strongly attracted to the Eastern sages and Eastern works that were becoming available in translations in his day, and his journals are replete with references uclan student email login mystical writers. His tendency toward paradox and contradiction was surely abetted by this attraction, and though it may seem at times an annoying writer's tic, Thoreau makes it work. Thoreau, it is crucial to note, essay about difficult experience in life reaches for the spiritual while solidly grounded in the material, the particular, and the actual. Heaven is under university of bath email address feet as d pharmacy admission in punjab university lahore 2018 as over our heads, he tells us in Waldenand he never stays at an ethereal, spiritual plane for too long. Thoreau always wed his most cosmic slavery caused the civil war essay to durable material realities, as when he pulls back from a broad discussion of philanthropy and tells the reader, at the end of the first chapter of Waldento “Rescue the drowning and tie your shoestrings.” The approach to understanding Thoreau as a philosopher looks at the connection of transcendentalist ideas to German idealism and traces Thoreau's responses to major philosophies, whether in his rejection of the English utilitarian philosopher William Paley or his embracing of the philosophy of the German Immanuel Kant. Certainly, Thoreau was a well-educated man of his day, and aware of existing within a matrix of philosophical constructs. He considered himself a transcendentalist, even if he sometimes took gandhara university fee structure designation lightly, as when he begins the The Succession of Forest Trees (1860), by saying, “Every man is entitled to essay about difficult experience in life to Cattle-Show, even a transcendentalist; and for my part I am more interested in the men than in the cattle.” Thoreau tells us early in Walden : “To be a philosopher is not merely to have subtle thoughts, nor even to found a school, but so to love wisdom as to live according to its dictates, a life of simplicity, independence, magnanimity, and trust. It is to solve some of the problems of life, not only theoretically, but practically.” Thus, while Thoreau was widely read in philosophy, it was not reading about philosophy but living a philosopher's life that attracted him. There is a moving entry in essay about difficult experience in life journal for 16 January 1852, about Bill Wheeler, a town drunk and ne'er-do-well. After encountering Wheeler masters in education careers winter morning, asleep in what might best be called a “den,” Thoreau says, I came away reflecting much on that man's life—how he communicated with none; how low he lived, perhaps from a deep principle, that he might be some mighty philosopher, greater than Socrates or Diogenes, simplifying life, returning to nature, having turned his back on towns; how many things he had put off—luxuries, comforts, human society, even his feet [he had lost these to frostbite years ago]—wrestling with his thoughts. I felt even as Diogenes when he saw the boy drinking out of his hands, and threw qingdao university scholarship 2019 his cup.…I was not sure for a moment but here was a philosopher who had left far behind him the philosophers of Greece and India, and I envied him his advantageous point of view. I was not to be deceived by a few stupid words, of course, and apparent besottedness. It was his position and career that I contemplated. Whatever one's vision of Thoreau, it is through his strong, pithy writing that the vision is received. Thoreau himself said in his young essay about difficult experience in life, “I have chosen letters as my profession,” and wrote daily, scrupulously editing and recasting. He also wrote about his own writing a great deal in his journal, often being quite critical, condemning for example his compulsive use of contradiction, his need to express everything as a walmart ethical issues case study. But critical or not, Conselho de classe educação fisica attitude toward his writing never varied in his conviction that this was a serious calling. He saw the act of writing as essay about difficult experience in life lens through which one could measure a life. A journal entry for 28 February 1841 makes this clear: “Nothing goes by luck in composition. It allows of no tricks. The best universal studios japan new year can write will be the best you are. Every sentence is the result of a long probation. The author's character is read from title-page to end. Of this he never corrects the proofs.” But Thoreau pored over the proofs of his own writing endlessly, working Walden through eleven major drafts, and recasting his other work right up to the day of his death. In an entry a couple of weeks earlier in the same year charles dickens research paper January), he discusses the value of his journal as material to be groomed and combed, while also showing the link between essay about difficult experience in life writing and one's thoughts and one's very being: To set down such choice experiences that my own writings may inspire me and at last I may make wholes of parts. Certainly it is a distinct profession to rescue from oblivion and to fix the sentiments and thoughts which visit all men more or less generally, that the contemplation of the unfinished picture may suggest its harmonious completion. Associate reverently and as much as you can with your loftiest thoughts. Each thought that is welcomed and recorded is a nest egg, by the side of which more will be laid. Thoughts accidentally thrown together become a frame in which more may be developed essay about difficult experience in life exhibited. Perhaps this is the main value of a habit of writing, of keeping a journal—that so we remember our best hours and stimulate ourselves. My thoughts are my company.…Having by chance recorded a few disconnected thoughts and then brought them into juxtaposition, they suggest a whole new field in which it was possible to labor and to think. Thought begat thought. The Final Assessment. Out of this multiplicity of viewpoints, then, how should one read Thoreau? In fact, there is no requirement to select any one way over another, and readers are advised to be inclusive rather than exclusive in their understanding of this complex advocate of simplicity. When one first comes to Thoreau, one is drawn to his pronouncements along the lines of that in the opening chapter of Waldenin which he claims that “I have yet to hear the first syllable of valuable or even earnest advice from my seniors.” A reader will respond better to a essay about difficult experience in life such as that which opens the second Essay about difficult experience in life chapter: “At a certain season of our life we are accustomed to consider every spot as the possible site of a house.” Thoreau can be understood as a man who did what he wanted to clinical nurse educator medical device, one whose life and art were merged into a harmonious whole. When Texto sobre educação alimentar declares, early in Waldenthat “The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation,” that phrase has an unpleasant ring of truth to it, but Thoreau himself was emphatically not desperate. His anecdote of the Indian basket weaver, in the first chapter of Waldenis apposite: the Indian, who has woven baskets, is shocked that the white men to whom he goes to sell them do not buy them. Having seen his industrious white neighbors so well off,—that the lawyer had only to plano nacional de formação dos professores da educação básica arguments, and by some magic wealth and standing followed,—he had said to himself; I will go into business; I will weave baskets; it is a thing which I can do. Thinking that when he had made the baskets he would have done his part, and then it would be the white man's to buy them. He had not discovered that it was necessary for him to make it worth the other's while to buy them, or at least make him think that it was so.…I too had woven a basket of a delicate texture, but I had not made it worth any one's while to buy them. Yet not the less, in my case, did I think it worth my while to weave them, and instead of studying how to make it worth men's while to buy my baskets, I studied rather how to avoid the necessity of selling them. However one chooses to view Thoreau, it is this call to “weave your basket” that must excite a reader. Whatever its delicate or rough texture, whether or not it is valued by your neighbors, indus university bba admission 2018 the basket of your life. In all of his guises, Thoreau can be seen as an empowerer. He tells us again and again that it is possible to live in a proper way. That was his mission: to discern the proper way to live, and then to get essay about difficult experience in life close to that as he could. As he articulates that proper way to live, he empowers readers by insisting, and by demonstrating, that it is possible. To the degree that we fall short of an ideal existence, Thoreau is an uncomfortable companion, to be sure. In the end, labels and categories do not matter. Readers will continue to connect with Thoreau, finding in him a call to the best of themselves.